The purpose of this briefing note is to discuss the role of the Kingdom of Africa as an independent state actor and member of the international community and how the Kingdom of Africa is establishing relations with the global community of nations.
The Kingdom of Africa is a sovereign state with its physical territory located between Egypt and Sudan in a trapezoid shape. The nearest airport is Abu Simbel Airport in Egypt. On some maps, this area is referred to as “Bir Tawil.” Egypt claims the original border from 1899, the 22nd parallel, which would place the Hala’ib Triangle within Egypt and the Bir Tawil area within Sudan. Sudan, however, claims the administrative border of 1902, which would put Hala’ib within Sudan, and Bir Tawil within Egypt. As a result, both states claim Hala’ib and neither claims the much less valuable Bir Tawil area, which is only a tenth the size. However, this area has not been claimed by either Egypt, Sudan or any other country and was therefore in a state of terra nullius, i.e. no man’s land, until His Majesty Henry Newman of the Kingdom of Africa laid claim to the territory on 8th June 2020, and the Constitution of the Kingdom of Africa was made.
In doing so, and in issuing a Proclamation of the Kingdom of Africa, a new state in that territory was formed – Kingdom of Africa. Its boundary is defined so as not to interfere with the existing territory either of Egypt or Sudan. Its total area of approximately 2,060 km2 (800 square miles) is now the 169th smallest sovereign state after Hong Kong and Luxembourg.
The statehood of the Kingdom of Africa under international law
The Kingdom of Africa’s right to acknowledged statehood is based on its fulfillment of criteria set forth into international law by the signing of the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States. On December 26, 1933, the Seventh International Conference of American States, also known as the Seventh Pan-American Conference, the declarative theory of statehood was codified into, and became an accepted part of, customary international law with the signing of the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States. Statehood, as defined by the declarative theory, views a state as a person in international law if it meets the following criteria: 1) has a defined territory; 2) has a permanent population; 3) has a government and 4) possesses a capacity to enter relations with other states. Being that the Montevideo Convention is merely a restatement of customary international law, the convention itself only codified existing legal norms and principles and therefore does not only apply solely to the signatories of the treaty, but to all subjects of international law as well. The convention became operative on December 26, 1934.
- Agriculture: The area has some arable land that could potentially be used for farming. However, the remote location and lack of infrastructure would make it challenging to transport crops to market.
- Mining: The Kingdom of Africa has some minerals and resources such as gold,iron and zinc. However, the cost of extracting these resources would be high due to the remote location and lack of infrastructure.
- Tourism: The Kingdom of Africa is a unique and little-explored place that could potentially attract adventurous tourists. However, the area is remote and difficult to access, and there are currently no facilities or infrastructure in place to support tourism.
- Research: The Kingdom of Africa could be used as a research site for scientists interested in studying the area’s geology, ecology, and archaeology, but again, the lack of infrastructure and access would make this difficult.
- Renewable energy: The area could be used for solar or wind power, but the lack of infrastructure and access would make this difficult.
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